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11 Aangegee vir die verkoop van vervalste 5-uur-energie

11 Aangegee vir die verkoop van vervalste 5-uur-energie


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Die valse energieskote is in 2012 gemaak in 'n skema waarby mense in Kalifornië en Mexiko betrokke was

Bottels vals 5-uur-energie word in 2012 in Mexiko verkoop.

Volgens The Associated Press.

Tussen 2009 en 2012 het die beskuldigdes uit Kalifornië en Mexiko nagemaakte 5-uur-energie geskep om na Mexiko gestuur te word. Die vervalsings is in 2012 uit die winkels verwyder.

'N Woordvoerder van 5-uur-energie het aan The Associated Press gesê dat die energiedrankies elke week deur nege miljoen mense gekoop word, met 'n verkoop van $ 1 miljard per jaar.

In 2012 het ons gerapporteer waaraan 5-uur-energie gekoppel is meer as 13 sterftes van 2008 tot 2012. Die FDA het opgemerk dat sommige verbruikers 'ernstige newe -effekte' het, soos hartaanvalle en stuiptrekkings. Hierdie sterftes hou nie verband met die vals drank nie, volgens a persverklaring wat deur die verspreider van 5-uur-energie, Living Essentials, LLC, gestuur is. Die persverklaring spreek die skote van vervalste energie aan en lui: "Daar is tot dusver geen ernstige nadelige gebeurtenisse aangemeld wat verband hou met die geïdentifiseerde vervalste 5-uur-energieprodukte nie."

Die valse 5-uur-energie-opnames is vervaardig in gewone geurmiddels, gewone bessies en ekstra sterktebessies.


8 In die hof van San Jose skuldig bevind vir die verkoop van vervalste energiedrankies

SAN JOSE (CBS SF) - Agt mense is in die federale hof in San Jose skuldig bevind en sal in April gevonnis word vir hul rol in 'n skema wat meer as 4 miljoen bottels vervalste energiedrankie verkoop het.

In die mees onlangse skuldigbevindings is Joseph Shayota (64) en Adriana Shayota (45) van El Cajon, wat deur aanklaers as die leiers van die ring beskryf is, Maandag deur 'n jurie in die hof van die Amerikaanse distriksregter Lucy Koh skuldig bevind aan twee aanklagte .

Die twee aanklagte het saamgesweer om vervalste goedere te verkoop en het saamgesweer om 'n kriminele inbreuk op kopiereg te pleeg en voedsel sonder handelsmerk in interstaatlike handel te verkoop.

Hulle sal op 5 April deur Koh gevonnis word en tot 15 jaar tronkstraf opgelê word.

Ses ander mense in die skema het voorheen skuld beken op een of albei van dieselfde aanklagte en sal op verskillende datums tussen Februarie en Mei gevonnis word.

Die Shayotas was mede-eienaars van 'n beweerde uitvoeronderneming genaamd Baja Exporting LLC. In 2009 het hulle met 'n Indiana-onderneming genaamd Living Essentials gereël om die energiedrankie van die onderneming, 5-uur ENERGIE, in Mexiko te verkoop. Die drankie bevat kafeïen en vitamiene. Hulle het byna 40 persent afslag gekry op die bottels wat uitgevoer moet word.

In plaas daarvan om die drank in Mexiko te verkoop, het die Shayotas en hul medewerkers egter die Spaanse etikette op die houers vervang met Engelse etikette met vals lotnommers en vervaldatums, en die bottels in die Verenigde State teen 15 persent onder die gewone prys verkoop, volgens vervolgingsdokumente.

Volgens die woordvoerder van die Amerikaanse prokureur, Abraham Simmons, toe die oorspronklike voorraad van 350 000 bottels opraak, begin die ringlede om vervalste drankies by 'n onhigiëniese fasiliteit te vervaardig.

In 2012 het die groep 4 miljoen bottels van die vervalste drank verkoop. Volgens die vervolgingsdokumente is sommige van die bottels na verspreiders in San Jose, Oakland, Brisbane en West Sacramento gestuur.

'N Negende persoon wat in die skema aangekla word, Juan Romero, is 'n vlugteling.

© Kopiereg 2016 deur CBS San Francisco en Bay City News Service. Alle regte voorbehou. Hierdie materiaal mag nie gepubliseer, uitgesaai, herskryf of herversprei word nie.


11 aangekla van sameswering om vervalste 5-uur-energiedrankies te maak

Die beskuldigdes word daarvan beskuldig dat hulle probeer het om 'n valse weergawe van die vloeibare aanvulling wat met ongereguleerde bestanddele vervaardig is, te verkoop by 'n onhigiëniese fasiliteit, luidens 'n aanklag van die Amerikaanse prokureurskantoor in die Noordelike Distrik van Kalifornië. Daar word beweer dat hulle meer as 7 miljoen etiketmoue en botteldoppies met die handelsmerk van 5 uur Energy bestel het.

Living Essentials besit die handelsmerke en outeursreg vir 5-uur-energie. Twee beskuldigdes, Joseph Shayota en Adriana Shayota, het via hul onderneming Baja Exporting LLC 'n ooreenkoms met Living Essentials aangegaan om 5-uur-energie in Mexiko te versprei.

Na ontvangs van die egte produk en die Spaanse taalverpakking, het hulle na bewering meer as 350 000 bottels met 'n handelsmerk van 5 uur herverpak om dit in 2011 teen 15 % afslag in die Verenigde State te verkoop.

Die breër vervalste produksie het kort daarna begin.

Elf mense staan ​​tereg op aanklagte van sameswering tot die verkeer in vervalste goedere, kriminele inbreuk op kopiereg en die bekendstelling van voedsel sonder handelsmerk in die interstaatlike handel.

Tien van die beskuldigdes is tot dusver in hegtenis geneem.

Verteenwoordigers van Baja Exporting of die Shayotas kon nie onmiddellik bereik word nie.


Elf beskuldigdes aangekla van sameswering landwyd om vervaardiging en verspreiding van vervalste energiedrankie van 5 uur

SAN JOSE - Amerikaanse prokureur Melinda Haag, spesiale agent David J. Johnson van die FBI se San Francisco Field Office, en Lisa L. Malinowski, spesiale agent in beheer, FDA Los Angeles Field Office of Criminal Investigations, het aangekondig dat tien mense gearresteer nadat hy aangekla is van sameswering tot die verkeer in vervalste goedere, sameswering om kriminele kopieregskending te pleeg en sameswering om voedsel sonder handelsmerk in die interstaatlike handel in te voer. Die beskuldigdes is gearresteer op aanklagte wat voortspruit uit die onwettige verspreiding en vervalsing van die vloeibare voedingsaanvulling 5-uur ENERGIE. Nog 'n beskuldigde is nie gearresteer nie, maar bly onderhewig aan 'n arrestasiebevel.

Volgens die beskuldiging wat gister ongedek was, was al 11 beskuldigdes betrokke by die onwettige herverpakking en uiteindelike vervalsing van 5-uur-energie. Die aanvulling word besit deur 'n groep entiteite wat in die aanklag as Living Essentials genoem word, wat alle 5-uur-energie by fabrieke in Wabash, Indiana, vervaardig het. Living Essentials het alle 5-uur-energie-handelsmerke en 'n kopiereg geregistreer en besit, insluitend die '5-uur-energie'-naam en verskillende grafiese elemente van die etikettering en verpakking van die produk. Die 5-uur-energie-handelsmerke en materiaal met kopiereg word op elke bottel 5-uur-energie- en uitstallingsbakke vertoon. Living Essentials gee geen lisensie aan enige individu of entiteit om 5-uur-ENERGIE te vervaardig nie.

Volgens die beskuldiging het verweerder Joseph Shayota en sy vrou Adriana Shayota deur middel van hul onderneming Baja Exporting, LLC ooreengekom met Living Essentials om 5-uur-energie in Mexiko te versprei. Living Essentials het die vloeibare 5-uur-ENERGIE-produk vervaardig en Spaanse taaletikette en -bakkies aan Baja Exporting verskaf. Daarbenewens het Living Essentials 'n volledige produkpakket aan Baja verskaf ingevolge die ooreenkoms dat die 5-uur-ENERGIE met Spaanse etikette slegs deur Baja in Mexiko versprei sou word. Volgens die beskuldiging het die beskuldigdes egter eerder probeer om die produk af te lei en dit teen 'n hoër prys in die Verenigde State te verkoop, eerder as om outentieke 5-uur-ENERGIE met Spaanse etikette te versprei. Nadat die aanvanklike pogings om die produk te verkoop, misluk het vanweë die Spaanstalige etiket- en uitstallingsbakke, het die verweerders die etiket- en uitstallingsbokse vervang met vervalste etikette en bokse wat ontwerp is om die verpakking van Living Essentials in die Verenigde State na te boots. Die verweerders het meer as 350 000 bottels 5-uur-ENERGIE herverpak en dit in die Verenigde State verkoop teen 'n prys wat 15 persent laer was as wat Living Essentials gevra het vir outentieke 5-uur-ENERGIE in die Verenigde State. Teen Desember 2011 het Joseph en Adriana Shayota Baja se oorblywende voorraad van die herverpakte/hernoemde 5-uur-energie verkoop.

Volgens die beskuldiging het die beskuldigdes ook vroeg in 2012 oorgegaan tot die vervalsing van die hele 5-uur-ENERGIE-produk. Die verweerders het die vervalste 5-uur-ENERGIE-vloeistof vervaardig by 'n onhigiëniese fasiliteit met onopgeleide dagwerkers. Die verweerders het ongereguleerde bestanddele in plastiekbakke gemeng terwyl hulle probeer het om die regte 5-uur-ENERGIE-produkte na te boots.

Van Desember 2011 tot en met Oktober 2012 het die beskuldigdes na bewering meer as sewe miljoen vervalste etiketmoue en honderde duisende vervalste bokse bestel, en valse lot- en vervaldoede op die bottels en bokse geplaas. Die verweerders het gereeld die lot- en vervaldatumskodes op die vervalste bottels en bokse verander om die geldige kodes wat op die outentieke produk gebruik word, te ewenaar.

Die beskuldiging beweer verder dat die beskuldigdes na Guadalajara, Mexiko, gereis het en vervaardigers aangestel het vir die leë plastiekbottels en plastiekbotteldoppies met die handelsmerk "Running Man". Hulle het ook toerusting, insluitend 'n stoomtunnelmasjien, gekoop om die vervalste 5-uur-ENERGIE-etikette op die vervalste bottels te krimp en 'n inkjetprinter om vals lotnommers en vervaldatums op die bodem van die vervalste bottels te plaas.

Die verweerders het na bewering ook kodewoorde in bestellings en fakture gebruik vir vervalste 5-uur-ENERGIE. Beskuldigdes Walid Jamil, Juan Romero en Leslie Roman het byvoorbeeld na die vervalste 5-uur-energie-vloeistofinhoud verwys as 'michelada', 'sapmengsel' en 'speserye'.

Boonop beweer die beskuldiging dat Midwest Wholesale Distributors, van Mei 2012 tot Oktober 2012, meer as vier miljoen bottels vervalste 5-uur-ENERGIE in kommersiële kanale in die Verenigde State versprei het. Midwest verkoop ongeveer 508 032 vervalste 5-uur-ENERGIE-bottels aan Baja Exporting en 3,521,232 vervalste 5-uur-ENERGIE-bottels aan die Dan-Dee Company, wat in besit was van verweerders Kevin Attiq en Raid Attiq. 'N Gedeeltelike lys van kleinhandelverkopers en groothandelaars aan wie die beweerde vervalste produk verkoop is, is aangeheg.

Die Amerikaanse prokureur Melinda Haag het gesê: 'Die beweerde optrede van die beskuldigdes toon 'n volledige miskenning van die gesondheid en veiligheid van verbruikers. My kantoor sal voortgaan om die persone wat gierigheid plaas oor die welstand van die gemeenskap, kragtig te vervolg deur die verspreiding van vervalste dieetprodukte. ”

'Die handel in vervalste goedere benadeel die slagoffers op baie maniere', sê die spesiale agent David J. Johnson van die FBI se San Francisco Field Office. "Misdade teen intellektuele eiendom is alles behalwe slagofferloos. Intellektuele eiendomsmisdade kan werk vernietig, innovasie onderdruk en die openbare gesondheid en veiligheid in die gedrang bring. In hierdie komplekse geval het die verdagtes na bewering 'n produk vervaardig om 'n gewilde voedingsaanvulling te vervals wat uiteindelik deur die publiek. Die FBI en sy vennote sal voortgaan om hierdie tipe misdadigers voor die gereg te bring. "

“VSA verbruikers maak staat op FDA -toesig oor voedsel om te verseker dat dit veilig en gesond is. Misdadigers wat nagemaakte en handelsmerkvoedingsaanvullings vervaardig en verkoop, stel die volksgesondheid in gevaar deur onbekende en ongereguleerde bestanddele te gebruik wat die verbruiker in gevaar kan stel vir ernstige siektes of die dood. Hierdie beweerde vervalste operasie was veral ernstig, aangesien die ondersoek aan die lig gebring het dat hierdie produk verkoop, versprei en op die rakke van talle kleinhandelaars in die Verenigde State geplaas is, ”sê Lisa L. Malinowski, spesiale agent by die FDA, kantoor van kriminele ondersoeke in Los Angeles. Angeles Field Office. 'Ons sal voortgaan om die oortreders van ons wette te ondersoek en te werk om dit voor die gereg te bring.'

Die elf beskuldigdes - wat almal aangekla word van sameswering tot verkeer in vervalste goedere, in stryd met 18 U.S.C. § 2320 (a) sameswering om kriminele kopieregskending te pleeg, in stryd met 18 U.S.C. § 371 en sameswering om voedsel sonder handelsmerk in die interstaatlike handel in te voer, in stryd met 18 U.S.C. § 371 - sluit in:

  • Joseph Shayota, 63, van El Cajon, Kalifornië. Shayota is gister in sy woning in hegtenis geneem. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor agbare Nita L. Stormes, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die suidelike distrik van Kalifornië, wat hom beveel het om 'n borg van $ 250 000 vry te laat en beveel om sy paspoort in te gee. Shayota se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning sal op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30 plaasvind. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Adriana Shayota, 44, van El Cajon, Kalifornië. Shayota is gister in haar woning in hegtenis geneem. Sy het aanvanklik verskyn voor agbare Nita L. Stormes, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die suidelike distrik van Kalifornië, wat haar gelas het om 'n borg van $ 100,000 vry te laat en beveel om haar paspoort in te gee. Shayota se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Justin Shayota (32) van Troy, Michigan. Shayota is gister in sy woning in hegtenis geneem. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor die agbare David T. Grand, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, in die Oos -distrik van Michigan, wat hom beveel het om 'n ongedekte borg van $ 10 000 vry te laat en beveel het om sy paspoort môre middag in te gee. Shayota se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Walid Jamil, a/k/a Wally Jamil, 65, van Troy, Michigan. Jamil het hom gister oorgegee aan die FBI. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor agbare David R. Grand, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die Oos -distrik van Michigan, wat hom beveel het om 'n ongedekte borg van $ 10 000 vry te laat en beveel om sy paspoort môre middag in te gee. Jamil se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Raid Jamil, a/k/a Brian Jamil, 46, van West Bloomfield, Michigan. Jamil het hom gister aan die FBI oorgegee. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor agbare David R. Grand, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die Oos -distrik van Michigan, wat hom beveel het om 'n ongedekte borg van $ 10 000 vry te laat en beveel om sy paspoort môre middag in te gee. Jamil se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Kevin Attiq (51) van El Cajon, Kalifornië. Attiq is gister in sy woning in hegtenis geneem. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor agbare Nita L. Stormes, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die suidelike distrik van Kalifornië, wat hom op 'n borg van $ 100,000 vrygelaat en beveel het om sy paspoort in te gee. Kevin Attiq se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter in die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Fadi Attiq, 57, van El Cajon, Kalifornië. Attiq is gister in sy woning in hegtenis geneem. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor agbare Nita L. Stormes, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die suidelike distrik van Kalifornië, wat hom op 'n borg van $ 100,000 vrygelaat en beveel het om sy paspoort in te gee. Fadi Attiq se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Leslie Roman, 61, van Rancho Cucamonga, Kalifornië. Roman is gister in sy woning gearresteer. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor die agbare David T. Bristow, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die Sentraal -distrik van Kalifornië, wat hom op 'n borg van $ 50 000 vrygelaat het nadat hy sy paspoort ingegee het. Roman se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Mario Ramirez (55) van San Diego, Kalifornië. Ramirez is gister in sy woning in hegtenis geneem. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor agbare Nita L. Stormes, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die Sentraal -distrik van Kalifornië, wat hom met 'n kassa -tjek van $ 100,000 kontant vrygelaat het en beveel het om sy paspoort in te gee. Ramirez se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Camilo Ramirez (30) van San Diego, Kalifornië. Ramirez is gister in sy woning in hegtenis geneem. Hy het aanvanklik verskyn voor agbare Nita L. Stormes, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State in die suidelike distrik van Kalifornië, wat hom met 'n kassa -tjek van $ 100,000 kontant vrygestel het en beveel het om sy paspoort in te gee. Ramirez se volgende geskeduleerde hofverskyning is op 9 Julie 2015 om 13:30. voor agbare Howard R. Lloyd, landdrosregter van die Verenigde State, om verdere verrigtinge in die distrikshof in San Jose te skeduleer.
  • Juan Romero (68) van Upland, Kalifornië. 'N Arrestasiebevel bly vir Romero uitstaande.

In 'n beskuldiging word bloot beweer dat misdade gepleeg is, en alle beskuldigdes word as onskuldig beskou totdat hulle bo redelike twyfel bewys is. As hulle skuldig bevind word, staar die beskuldigdes die volgende maksimum statutêre strawwe in die gesig:

  • Telling een: sameswering vir verkeer in vervalste goedere, in stryd met 18 U.S.C. § 2320 (a): 10 jaar gevangenisstraf, boete van $ 2.000.000, vrylating onder toesig van drie jaar, spesiale aanslag van $ 100.
  • Graaf twee: sameswering om kriminele kopieregskending te pleeg, in stryd met 18 U.S.C. § 371: gevangenisstraf van 5 jaar, boete van $ 250.000, vrylating onder toesig van drie jaar, spesiale aanslag van $ 100.
  • Graaf drie: sameswering om handelsmerke sonder handelsmerk in die interstaatlike handel in te voer, in stryd met 18 U.S.C. § 371: gevangenisstraf van 5 jaar, boete van $ 250.000, vrylating onder toesig van drie jaar, spesiale aanslag van $ 100.

Enige vonnis na skuldigbevinding sou egter deur die hof opgelê word na oorweging van die Amerikaanse vonnisriglyne en die federale wet wat die oplegging van 'n vonnis, 18 U.S.C. § 3553.

Die assistent -advokate Matt Parrella en Susan Knight in die Verenigde State vervolg die saak met die hulp van Elise Etter. Die vervolging is die resultaat van 'n ondersoek deur die Federale Buro vir Ondersoek en die Food and Drug Administration Office of Criminal Investigations.


Man kry 7 jaar tronkstraf vir die vervalsing van 5-uur energieskote

In 2015 is 11 mense aangekla op aanklagte van die verkoop van vals 5-uur-energiedrankies in Kalifornië Associated Press. Nou, een van die vernaamste beskuldigdes, Walid Jamil, is tot 7 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis. Sy vonnis is bo en behalwe 'n burgerlike vonnis van $ 10 miljoen en kriminele vergoeding van $ 555.801,31 wat betaal moet word aan die vervaardigers van egte 5-uur-energie, FoodNavigator-VSA gerapporteer.

Die plan het begin toe Jamil, saam met ander beskuldigdes Joseph en Adriana Shayota, meer as 350 000 bottels van die etiket hermerk en herverpak het Energy drink gelisensieer te koop in Mexiko (waar die produk teen 'n laer prys verkoop word) en dit in die Verenigde State verkoop teen 'n laer prys as wat die vervaardiger aanbied, volgens Die San Jose Mercury News. Toe die produk opraak, het die verweerders geskep vervals energiedrankies en verpak as 5-uur-energie.

"Ek is nie net tevrede as die advokaat van 5-uur-energie nie, maar ook as 'n verbruiker en as 'n ouer," het Geoffrey Potter, hoofadvokaat vir 5-uur-energie in die saak, gesê. 'Alle vervalsing is diefstal, maar die vervalsing van iets wat ons eet, is 'n baie gruwelike misdaad. Ek wil hê dat diegene wat in die toekoms kan oorweeg om hierdie tipe vervalsing teen Amerikaners te gebruik, moet weet dat die straf baie streng sal wees. ”

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Die maklikste manier om gewigsverlies te benader, is om by te voeg - nie weg te neem nie. Begin oefen (selfs 'n wandeling per dag sal dit doen) voeg gesonde vrugte, groente en volgraan by en drink meer water ... Uiteindelik begin u met die minder goeie dinge vir u dinge jy doen en eet. Daar is egter een drankie wat u moet oorweeg om onmiddellik u dieet te stop as u gewig verloor, aangesien dit die drank is wat die naaste aan gewigstoename in Amerika gekoppel is: soda.Volgens 'n studie gepubliseer in die tydskrif BMC Public Health, 20% van die totale kalorieë wat u op 'n dag inneem, kom heeltemal uit drank. Vir die gemiddelde persoon wat 2 000 kalorieë per dag inneem, is dit ongeveer 400 kalorieë wat slegs uit drankies by u dieet gevoeg word. So, wat presies bestaan ​​uit die 400 kalorieë? Die BMC-studie het bevind dat dit 'n kombinasie is van koffie en tee (met die byvoegings), energiedrankies, vrugtesap en drankies, melk en alkohol. Maar hierdie energiedigte drankies bleek in vergelyking met die drank wat die meeste kalorieë tot u dieet bydra: soda. Dit is geen verrassing dat koeldrank gekoppel is aan gewigstoename nie, aangesien dit ongeveer 150 kalorieë per blikkie bevat. Trouens, 'n blikkie koeldrank bevat tussen 35 en 61 gram suiker per blikkie! (Verwant: 30 slegste koeldrank wat nooit die moeite werd is om te drink nie.) Die gemiddelde Amerikaanse volwassene verbruik jaarliks ​​13 pond suiker uitsluitlik uit koeldrank. En studies toon dat die verbruik van suiker-versoete drankies, soos koeldrank, bydra tot gewigstoename by volwassenes en kinders. Dit is veral die geval, want baie koeldrank bevat mieliesiroop met hoë fruktose. U liggaam kan slegs die fruktose van hierdie versoeter deur die lewer verwerk, en dit kan nie fruktose gebruik vir energie soos met glukose nie. Dit dra by tot nog meer gewigstoename, tesame met metaboliese disregulasie en verswakte glukosetoleransie. Deur die jare heen het tientalle studies die verbruik van soda met gewigstoename verbind. En dit word erger: 'n International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity -studie het bevind dat ten spyte van deelnemers wat oefen as hulle soda gebruik, hulle steeds gewig opgetel het. Met ander woorde, oefen sal u help om die gewigstoename wat verband hou met koeldrank af te weer. Soda is nie net gekoppel aan gewigstoename nie, dit het ook 'n vreeslike uitwerking op u algemene gesondheid, aangesien die drank gekoppel is aan tipe 2 diabetes, hartkomplikasies, depressie, lewersiektes en die risiko van vroeë dood.Omdat u kalorieë verminder - enige kalorieë uit voedsel of drank - sal u help met gewigsverlies, en u hoef nie net daarop te vertrou dat u koeldrank alleen uit u liggaam verwyder nie. dieet om gewig te verloor. Dit is veral die geval omdat al hoe minder Amerikaners gereeld koeldrank drink (45,8% van die Amerikaanse inwoners wat in 'n onlangse studie ondervra is, het glad nie koeldrank gebruik nie.) Maar as u 'n koeldrank drink, moet u dit ernstig oorweeg om terug te sny. op jou gewoonte. Vervang u bubbeldrankie met water, of probeer een van hierdie 25 gesonde, lae-suikersoda-alternatiewe. Vir meer gesonde eetnuus, meld u aan vir ons nuusbrief!

20 Slegte gewoontes wat u blind kan maak, sê kenners

Jy staar tans op 'n skerm. En die kans is goed dat u nie die belangrikste ding weet wat u kan doen om u oë te beskerm terwyl u dit doen nie. Daarom het ons dit geskryf. Die waarheid is dat die krag in u bereik is - dieet, lewenstylkeuses en goeie ooghigiëne het baie te doen met die behoud van visie namate ons ouer word. Hier is wat die topkenners sê waarop u moet fokus. Lees verder - en om u gesondheid en die gesondheid van ander te verseker, moet u hierdie 19 maniere waarop u u liggaam verwoes, nie misloop nie, sê gesondheidskundiges. 1 U kry te veel son & quot; Ongeag waar ons woon of die tyd van die jaar, is blootstelling aan son 'n voortdurende gevaar vir ons ooggesondheid, & quot; sê Trevor Elmquist, DO, 'n bordgesertifiseerde oogarts en stigter van Elmquist Eye Group in Florida. "Ons weet almal van die belangrikheid van sonskerm, maar baie neem nie die skadelike uitwerking van UV-strale op ons oë in ag nie." 'n sonbril blokkeer om u oë te beskerm en langtermynskade te voorkom, sê Elmquist. As u 'n sonbril koop, kyk na die etiket en koop slegs skakerings wat 99 persent van beide UVA- en UVB -straling blokkeer. 2 U eet nie 'n anti-inflammatoriese dieet nie & Dieet speel 'n verrassende rol in visiegesondheid, beide help en benadeel, sê Lisa Richards, 'n voedingsdeskundige en skrywer van The Candida Diet. & quot; Verfynde en verwerkte voedsel het 'n inflammatoriese effek op die liggaam, insluitend die oë. Chroniese ontsteking kan die oë beskadig en swak sig veroorsaak. "Ons moet probeer om die reënboog te eet vir meer as net ons algemene welstand, maar ook vir ons ooggesondheid," sê Richards. Vrugte en groente, tesame met maer vleis, vetterige vis, volgraan en lae-vet suiwelprodukte, bied die oë die nodige hulp om skade te voorkom. "Dit is waar dat wortels goed is vir jou oë," voeg Elmquist by. 'n Dieet wat ryk is aan vrugte en groente, veral donker blaargroentes sowel as vis wat ryk is aan omega 3-vetsure, kan help om jou visie te beskerm. & quot het ons vertel dat as u die hele dag na u telefoon of 'n rekenaarskerm staar, oefen 20-20-20 om die spanning van die oë te verminder: "Elke 20 minute, kyk weg van die skerms en fokus ongeveer 20 voet voor u 20 sekondes," verduidelik Elmquist. En moenie vergeet om te knip nie. "Om gereeld te skakel is ook van kritieke belang vir die skoonmaak en smering van die oogoppervlak," sê hy. & quotStudies toon dat ons geneig is om minder te knip as ons 'n digitale toestel gebruik, en hoe kleiner die skerm, hoe minder flikker ons. Elke keer as u opstaan ​​om die toilet te gebruik of na 'n vergadering te gaan, probeer om vyf keer te knip om u oë weer te laat weerstaan, "stel Charissa Lee, OD, 'n oogkundige en onderwysdirekteur by Johnson & Johnson Vision voor. Dit is belangrik om volledig te knip om u oliekliere in u deksels te aktiveer en om hierdie voordelige olies - en u beskermende traanfilmlaag - oor u oë te versprei. & quot 'n leefstyl skep wat die verouderingsproses versnel, 'sê Kellie Blake, RDN, LD, IFNCP, 'n geregistreerde dieetkundige in West Virginia. Oksidatiewe stres - die proses van selbeskadiging wat antioksidante voorkom - kan toeneem namate die liggaam ouer word, verduidelik sy. As ons lewenstyl hierdie proses versnel, is die delikate weefsels van die oog vatbaar vir skade en kan siektes soos droëoogsindroom (DES) ontstaan. DES kan visieverlies veroorsaak as daar nie aandag gegee word aan die oorsake nie, soos 'n onvoldoende vitamien D-vlak, 'n dieet wat arm is aan voedingstowwe, outo-immuun siektes, medisyne gebruik en inflammatoriese veltoestande. "Ons kan die veroudering van ons selle vertraag en ons beskerm oë deur 'n leefstyl te skep wat ons mitochondria gesond hou, "sê Blake. Om 'n plantaardige, voedingsryke dieet te volg, is van kritieke belang, maar ons moet ook rustig slaap, bewuste beweging beoefen en stres op 'n gesonde manier hanteer. & quot , die gebruik van verouderde make -upprodukte beteken 'n maklike oorgang na bakterieë en ander infeksies, "sê Christine Joy, OD, 'n oogkundige en VSP -netwerkdokter in New York. Die Rx: & quot om die risiko van infeksie te verminder, ”sê Joy. "Also, make it a practice to remove makeup every night, and never share your makeup." 6 You're Stressing Out If you're constantly tearing your hair out, your eyes will pay for it. "Unmanaged chronic mental stress takes a physical toll on the body and can be problematic for the ocular system," says Jeanette Kimszal, RDN, NLC, a registered dietitian based in New Jersey. "According to research, chronic stress that cause surges of the stress hormone cortisol can negatively impact the nervous system. When the nervous system isn't functioning properly, it can affect our brain and eyes, resulting in problems with vision."Cortisol also tells the body to hang onto fat, particularly around your midsection. And it's sneaky. Adds Kimszal: "The biggest problem with stress is that someone may not feel they are under stress, but their body could still be pumping out cortisol. This constant stressed state can also deplete the body of needed nutrients."The Rx: Fight stress with exercise, spending time with loved ones, and relaxation techniques such as meditation and mindfulness. Diet can help: "Vitamins C and E, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids are needed to maintain healthy vision," says Kimszal. 7 You're Rubbing Your Eyes Your mom was right: Your face really could freeze that way. "Rubbing your eyes too frequently can cause microvascular damage to the small blood vessels under the skin," says Anthony Kouri, MD, an orthopedic surgeon at the University of Toledo Medical Center. "This leads to dark circles and puffiness. Rubbing your eyes also causes premature aging to the skin around the eyes, including wrinkles and drooping eyelids."The Rx: Hands off! "Avoid rubbing this area to maintain your youthful look," says Kouri.RELATED: 9 Everyday Habits That Might Lead to Dementia, Say Experts 8 You're Smoking Smoke getting in your eyes might have inspired a pretty ballad, but in reality, there's nothing romantic about it. "Smoking creates oxidative stress on tissues throughout the body. In the eyes, the areas most prone to this are the macula [an area in the center of the retina] and the lens," says Wang. "The formation of free radicals may contribute to the development of macular degeneration and cataracts, which have been shown to occur more commonly and at an earlier age in those who smoke. Externally, the smoke is an irritant on the delicate structures of the cornea and conjunctiva, which can lead to chronic dry and red eyes."The Rx: If you haven't stopped smoking, what more are you waiting for? See your doctor if you're having trouble quitting nicotine patches and gums can help. 9 You're Not Getting Enough Sleep "If we aren't getting enough sleep at night, it can accelerate the aging process," says Kouri. "This can lead to bloodshot eyes, dark circles, eye twitching (known as myokymia) and blurry vision. Over long periods of time with inadequate rest, we can experience popped blood vessels due to eye strain. Additionally, we may experience dry eyes which can cause pain, itchiness, and sensitivity to light."The Rx: Experts including the National Sleep Foundation say that adults of all ages should get seven to nine hours of sleep a night. That won't just help preserve your vision—it's been shown to lower the risk of cancer, heart disease, stroke and depression. 10 You're Not Getting An Annual Eye Exam It's a common misconception that you should only see an eye doctor when you notice there's a problem with your vision. "Even though you may think you see fine, it's important to book an appointment with your eye doctor annually," says Lee. "When you go in, they'll make sure to check all aspects of your eye health, including how healthy the front and back of your eyes are. This can help identify potential issues such as Meibomian gland dysfunction—otherwise known as dry eye—early signs of glaucoma, or even things as serious as a melanoma."RELATED: The #1 Reason You Could Get Cancer, According to Science 11 You Have Untreated Myopia (Nearsightedness) Nearsightedness may seem like a harmless consequence of aging, but "if it goes untreated, it can cause irreversible vision impairment and blindness," says Lee. Genetics can raise your risk, along with lifestyle factors like doing too much near work (reading, writing or screen time) and spending a limited time outdoors.The Rx: "The Environmental Protection Agency reports Americans, on average, spend 90% of their time indoors, so make a conscious effort to spend more time outdoors, especially while the weather is nice," says Lee. 12 You Have Poor Hygiene Keeping your hands and eyes clean is the easiest thing you can do to maintain eye health. "Poor hygiene can increase your risk of eye health issues like infection," says Lee.The Rx: "To lessen this risk you should wash your hands often to lessen the risk of bacteria being transferred to your eyes if you tend to rub them," says Lee. "If you're a contact lens wearer, make sure you're swapping out your case every two to three months, and use solutions made for your contact lenses specifically. Also, do not wear contact lenses in the shower or while swimming."RELATED: This Supplement Can Raise Your Heart Attack Risk, Experts Say 13 You're Not Wearing Goggles When Swimming You don't want to open your eyes too much in the pool. Regtig. "Human eyes are not intended to function properly under water, hence the blurriness when trying to see there," says Richard Foulkes, MD, an ophthalmologist and founder of Foulkes Vision in Chicago. "Think about everything that goes into a pool: Chemicals like chlorine, sunblock, sweat, dust, urine can all come into contact with your eyes. Believe it or not, saltwater is actually safer on your eyes than chlorine. If you wear contacts, contamination can be absorbed onto a contact lens, and keeping the lens on the cornea can lead to infections. Any debris can also get caught under the contact lens, causing corneal ulcers or corneal lacerations."The Rx: "Always wear good-fitting goggles when you swim," says Foulkes. And make sure they're snug. "If they don't fit properly, water can leak into the goggles, causing irritation and even leading to infection." 14 You're Using Contact Lenses Wrong "Not disposing of contacts within the recommended time frame and sleeping in contact lenses increases the risk of bacterial infection and inflammation in the eyes," says Joy. "Wearing contacts too long during the day can decrease the amount of oxygen to the eye and cause dry eyes or irritation. Swimming or showering in contact lenses is also a big no-no. You can put yourself at risk for a dangerous, sight threatening infection called Acanthamoeba, a type of amoeba that lives in the water, which can get trapped under contact lenses."The Rx: "It is highly recommended to remove contact lenses while swimming, showering or taking a nap," advises Joy. "Make sure to dispose your contacts regularly and give your eyes a break with glasses when you're able to." 15 You're Not Exercising "Your eyes benefit from exercise just as much as the rest of your body. High blood pressure and diabetes can be caused by a sedentary lifestyle," says Joy. Both can contribute to vision problems. "Regular exercise not only helps to prevent these diseases, but also reduces your chances of developing glaucoma. Much like our brain, our eyes need oxygen to maintain an optimal level of performance."The Rx: "Exercising regularly, even a light walk, is a great way to keep your eyes sharp."RELATED: I'm A Doctor And Warn You Never Take This Supplement 16 You're Not Wearing Safety Goggles Forty-five percent of eye injuries occur at home, "often due to inadequate eye protection," says Kouri. "Household hazards include chemicals from cleaning or pool supplies, home improvement projects or hot grease from cooking."The Rx: Better to be safe than (really, really) sorry. "If you're doing a home improvement project or cleaning around the house, it's best to wear protective eye gear," says Kouri. 17 You're Drinking Too Much Turns out the expression "blind drunk" isn't just a turn of phrase. "Heavy drinking can have adverse effects on your eyesight by aggravating and intensifying symptoms of dry eye," says Joy. "These symptoms may include stinging or burning sensations in your eyes, sensitivity to light, redness, discomfort when wearing contact lenses and eye fatigue."The Rx: Experts say men should limit themselves to two drinks a day, and women should stop at one. Not just for your vision, but to cut your risk of cancer, heart disease, diabetes and stroke.RELATED: Signs You're Getting One of the "Most Deadly" Cancers. 18 You're Addicted to Screens "Use of digital devices and cell phones can contribute to significant eye strain," says Ming Wang, MD, PhD, an eye surgeon and founder of the Wang Vision Institute in Nashville, Tennessee. "The strain of focusing for close activities can cause the eyes in some people to lock into near focus, which can cause distance vision to be blurry temporarily. Over time, it may lead to the development of more nearsightedness as the eyes adjust to close focus. This is believed to be part of what is causing rise to the development of more high amounts of near-sightedness among young children in technology-heavy countries like China, Japan, Korea and the United States."The Rx: Follow that 20-20-20 rule: Every 20 minutes take a 20 second break and look 20 feet away. 19 You're Not Drinking Enough Water "It's important to keep the eyes hydrated," says Wang. "The surface of the eye is the first surface that light hits before it makes it to the back of the eye, providing vision. When the surface isn't hydrated, it can cause someone's vision to be very blurry temporarily. Over time, a poorly hydrated surface can form cracks and actually lead to minor scar tissue development, which can cause more permanent blurred vision."The Rx: "A healthy diet, drinking lots of water, and taking breaks when doing reading work are ways to keep the eyes hydrated naturally," says Wang. "If those are not enough, then the use of over-the-counter artificial tears daily two to six times daily can be helpful. If this does not provide adequate relief, seeing an eye doctor is recommended."RELATED: Sure Signs You Had COVID and Didn't Know It 20 You're Not Taking Off Your Makeup At Night "For those who wear it, not removing makeup opens the eyes to risk," says Wang. "Bacteria and parasites can grow in the areas along the eyelids and eyelashes. These organisms then secrete toxins which can fall into the eye and contribute to irritation, redness, and itching. Over time, they can cause permanent damage to the structures that secrete tear components (the meibomian glands) leading to chronic dry eye."The Rx: Be sure to remove your makeup each night. And to get through life at your healthiest, Don't Take This Supplement, Which Can Raise Your Cancer Risk.

Vanessa Hudgens Met Ashley Tisdale's Baby for the First Time

These McDonald's Super-Fans Turned Their Home Into a Shrine

One Virginia couple has a distinct love for preservation, as their nostalgic fast food– and pop culture-themed home has gone viral in international media. And you thought the Golden Arches got you excited—these two have a vintage McDonald's sign hanging on a wall that's painted "McDonald's red"!Taylor and Adam Gecking have a super-sized scale of flare. The Richmond, Virginia couple are collectors of fast-food memorabilia, but we're not talking a small box of old Happy Meal toys. In fact, their entire home is a museum of items from the old days of McDonald's and other memorable snacks.RELATED: 7 New Fast-Food Chicken Sandwiches Everyone's Talking AboutAs Metro UK reported on Friday, Taylor Gecking's massive McDonald's home renovation started with a treasure she found while antiquing. "My husband and I stopped at a flea market during a road trip and saw the Ronald McDonald stained-glass piece," Gecking said. "I was inexplicably drawn to it … I walked away from it that day, but a whole year later, as we were driving through the same area, I asked him to stop at the flea market so I could see if [the piece] was still there." The price hadn't budged, but, seeing how much she loved the window, her husband "surprised her with the kitschy artwork the next day—having driven eight hours round-trip back to West Virginia to buy it for her," Metro UK reports.That triggered a quest for more universally appetizing gems, and the Geckings completed their home reno during the pandemic. That made the Geckings' home a veritable shrine to the 1970s and ➀s, with a statue of the Kool-Aid Man, an original 1970s McDonald's sign bearing the Golden Arches, an old department store carousel, and McDonald's curtains.Taylor Gecking, whose Facebook page reveals that she's a professional embalmer and funeral director, revealed that her husband doesn't share quite the same love of classic fast food. "Adam has no McDonald's nostalgia whatsoever, in fact he's vegan, but he still gets just as excited as I do when we find a McDonald's item because he knows how happy it makes me." She added that he "didn't flinch when I told him I was painting our whole stairwell McDonald's red with McDonald's yellow trim. We love that our home reflects us."As for what Gecking's got her sights on next, she says she hopes for a bench with a Ronald McDonald statue perched on it.Metro's got the pics of the McDonald's house, but then come back and see us here to catch up on the 9 Nostalgic Snack Brands Launching New Treats for Summer. Also read:This One McDonald's Menu Hack Will Get You the Freshest Fries, Customers Say15 Popular McDonald's Menu Items That Are Gone for GoodWill Smith Just Shared His Weight-Loss Progress In New Video Post

Skincare for kids? Here's what to know, and 6 brands to shop

Formulated just for your little ones.

Working around the legacy of lead: how safe is your veggie patch?

Working around the legacy of lead: how safe is your veggie patch?A third of Australian inner-city vegetable patches have unsafe lead levels. Here’s a guide to carry on gardening The benefits of gardening and getting outside far outweigh the risks, says project leader Prof Mark Taylor. Photograph: cjp/Getty Images


How a Family of Scammers Made Millions Off Fake 5-Hour Energy

Counterfeit energy drinks were lightning in a bottle for Adriana and Joseph Shayota, netting them a million dollars a month until the feds closed in. But they had one chance to clear their name: President Donald Trump.

The view from Adriana and Joseph Shayota’s 7,300-square-foot ranch-style home in El Cajon, California, was once that of a small empire. Below the rolling hillside town and roughly 28 miles from the edge of their infinity swimming pool stood the Shayota goldmine — an unassuming gray and white warehouse near the U.S.-Mexico border with a small sign that read “Baja Exporting” in medical-blue type. Starting in 2010, the mostly windowless compound was the manufacturing and distribution hub for a burgeoning million-dollar-a-month business venture: the sale of counterfeit 5-Hour Energy.

By every account, Joseph, a 68-year-old first-generation Chaldean immigrant, was quite dapper. His eight-car garage was filled with three Range Rovers, two Mercedes, a Ferrari and a Bentley. According to court records, Joseph had a gambling problem and spent his days in casinos or hanging out in cigar shops. For a time, he also had an affair with a young woman who was living in an apartment that was listed under Adriana’s name. Unlike her husband, 49-year-old Adriana, a Catholic with Mexican ancestry, worked in the distribution office every day, according to Geoffrey Potter, a lawyer with Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler and lead prosecutor of the case against the Shayotas. “She masterminded getting this stuff out there,” he says.

Prior to their 5-Hour Energy scheme, the road to counterfeiting royalty was, for the Southern California-based couple, paved with other, less-spurious scams. In early 2009, the Shayotas, along with their co-conspirator Walid Jamil and other members of their family, resold counterfeit Equal, Splenda, Truvia, Uncle Ben’s Rice, Monster Energy drinks, Mars candy and Welch’s and Mott’s products.

Their budding arrangement cast Jamil as the head of the distribution side of the business while the Shayotas put up the capital. Their distribution factory, Midwest Wholesale, was based outside of Detroit. But that all changed a year later in 2010 when the Michigan Department of Agriculture received complaints of a rat infestation inside Shayota HQ. The rodents were attracted by knockoff rice that was then poured by hand into counterfeit Uncle Ben’s boxes. Still, no criminal or civil charges were brought.

Soon after the incident, the decision was made to move the operation to San Diego — closer to the Shayotas’ home and conveniently near the border. Ironically, the 5-Hour Energy operation began as a legitimate one. In late 2009, under the name Baja Exporting, the Shayotas entered into an agreement with Living Essentials, the parent company for 5-Hour Energy supplements. Baja Exporting was authorized to distribute 5-Hour Energy in Mexico, which they received at a 40 percent discounted rate so that they could help introduce the energy drink to an untapped market.

But a few months passed, and the Shayotas — who’d purchased more than 350,000 bottles of 5-Hour Energy with Spanish labels — hadn’t sold a single one. Potter tells me he doesn’t think the family ever had any intention of selling the products in Mexico court filings suggest that Joseph tried to divert the product into the U.S. marketplace but failed because retailers didn’t want bottles with Spanish-language packaging. That’s when the Shayotas conspired to relabel the bottles — removing the actual lot numbers and expiration dates — and sell them at a price 15 percent lower than what Living Essentials charged in the U.S.

The sale of relabeled bottles was merely the beginning. After the last of the Spanish stock was sold in late 2011, the Shayotas’ San Diego distribution center was turned into a factory. Using undocumented workers with no licenses to handle food or drink — “They had no sanitation training, no place for people to even wash their hands,” says Potter — the Shayotas began cooking up their own energy concoction.

Once they had their cocktail, the contents of which were never consistent, the Shayotas looked to a plastics manufacturer in Guadalajara for blank plastic bottles and caps imprinted with the trademarked “Running Man” 5-Hour Energy logo. In a few short months, the operation was well underway. “If I took the counterfeit bottle and the authentic bottle, you’d have at best a 50/50 chance at figuring out which one was real and which one was fake,” Potter tells me.

Adriana was the sole proprietary name on Baja Exports, and per Potter, she helped administer the entire operation. To that end, she purchased equipment such as a steam tunnel machine to place counterfeit 5-Hour Energy labels on bottles and an inkjet printer for lot numbers and expiration dates. To disguise the purchase orders and invoices for the counterfeit 5-Hour Energy bottles, the Shayotas used code words. The liquid content was often referred to as “juice blend,” “spices” and “michelada” — the name for a popular Mexican drink made with beer, lime juice, spices, tomato juice and chili peppers.

From May to October 2012, the counterfeit blend of 5-Hour Energy drinks polluted the entire 5-Hour Energy market, which at the time was selling 9 million bottles a week in the U.S. “[The Shayotas] were producing a million and a half counterfeit bottles a month,” says Potter. It was also around that time that an authorized 5-Hour Energy salesman couldn’t understand why a good account of his was no longer buying product from him. Frustrated, he purchased a box and took it back to Living Essentials to prove that someone had taken over his territory. “Then they knew,” says Potter. “Living Essentials sent the counterfeit product to a lab and were able to confirm that the ingredients weren’t theirs and the coloring [of the liquid] was wrong.” The art of the counterfeiter, Potter explains, “is to imitate the packaging, not what’s in it.”

From there, a national investigative team quickly shopped around at hundreds of stores who were selling the counterfeit version. One by one, they moved higher up the chain of command until they began to realize that some of the master wholesalers were in on the whole thing. “They knew,” says Potter. “Adriana would get together with the wholesale vendors biweekly with trash bags full of cash, and they’d divide it up like a Netflix movie.”

In a matter of weeks, federal investigators had built their case and were ready to charge the Shayotas with conspiracy to traffic in counterfeit goods and conspiracy to commit criminal copyright infringement.

According to Potter, counterfeiting cases are rarely — if ever — prosecuted in the federal court system. “A lot of counterfeiting cases are prosecuted at the state level as misdemeanors or low-level felonies,” he says. “A number of years ago, I looked at the number of people that had actually served time in prison in a particular year in the federal system for counterfeiting and found that you were twice as likely to die of being struck by lightning.”

In part, the lack of federal prosecution of counterfeiters is because most counterfeit goods are manufactured in China, India or Pakistan and then brought into the U.S. And since it’s virtually impossible to extradite someone to serve time for counterfeiting products, federal prosecutors don’t waste their time building these sort of cases.

But the Shayotas are American citizens and their factory was based inside the country. Additionally, Living Essentials, having lost millions of dollars, had an axe to grind. Coupled with the sort of funding and resources to take a case like this to court, the company was insistent on making sure the perpetrators were punished. As such, in November 2012, the Shayotas along with their fellow conspirators — a total of 11 others — were indicted for their scam.

It helped too that the case quickly made national headlines because it happened to coincide with a potential public health crisis. In 2012, the New York Times reported that the FDA was investigating 92 reports of adverse reactions to 5-Hour Energy shots since 2009, including 13 deaths and 33 hospitalizations. “I don’t really want to talk about the health effects,” says Potter, who claims that there was never any substantial evidence linking the counterfeit products to illness. “But if you got sick, you wouldn’t necessarily know what it was from. Because it doesn’t happen immediately, it’s not like stepping on glass.”

In all, the Shayotas had helped sell 3.7 million bottles of fake energy drinks, which at the estimated retail price of $2.99 a bottle came out to a total take of a little more than $11 million. By the end of 2012, the federal investigators had seized enough equipment, records and counterfeit goods that the case against everyone involved was effectively wrapped in a bow. As a result, everyone save for the Shayotas pled guilty — and the case was billed as the first criminal prosecution of a counterfeit food or beverage in the country.

In a matter of months, a jury found them guilty too. Joseph was sentenced to 86 months in prison. Prosecutors sought a six-and-a-half-year sentence for Adriana, but the judge, citing Adriana’s “minor role,” gave her a shorter 26-month term. “She portrayed herself as being an innocent spouse lured into this,” says Potter. “Which is just not true. She was in the office, working, every day.” (In fact, in November 2012 when the investigative team was closing in, it was Adriana who transferred $2 million out of the company account to a second account in Mexico.)

Today, though, it’s pretty much a moot point. Last month — a little over a year after Joseph and Adriana were incarcerated — Adriana was granted her freedom as part of Donald Trump’s final late-night pardoning spree. (Jamil was freed in April 2020 under a compassionate release order due to the pandemic.)

Volgens die San Diego Union-Tribune, there were nearly three dozen letters from family and friends attesting to Adriana’s generosity. Amongst those who wrote letters was Marco Garmo, a former San Diego sheriff’s captain who himself is waiting to be sentenced for selling illegal guns last year. The statement from the White House noted that the commutation was supported by Chula Vista Councilman John McCann and others in the community, suggesting that Adriana “mentored those who wanted to improve their lives and demonstrated an extraordinary commitment to rehabilitation.” Potter, however, disagrees: “That logic is absurd. She wasn’t in prison long enough to be helpful to anybody.”

He adds that he has no idea why Adriana was granted a pardon. His concern, though, has little to do with her specifically. Instead, he’s worried about how the commutation might weaken the government’s hand in using prison time as a deterrent for future counterfeit crimes. “[Adriana] counterfeited almost four million bottles of 5-Hour Energy and did it in an unlicensed, unsanitary facility and then foisted these counterfeits on hundreds of thousands of unsuspecting people,” Potter says. “Frankly, it could have been a national health crisis.”


8 accused of selling millions of counterfeit 5-Hour Energy drinks

Eight Southern California residents have been indicted on suspicion of selling millions of bottles of counterfeit 5-hour Energy drinks nationwide.

The eight are accused of diverting energy drink supplies intended to be sold in Mexico to the United States, where they could be sold for a higher price, according to the U.S. attorney's office.

In all, 11 defendants were named in the federal indictment unsealed Thursday, accusing them of conspiring to traffic counterfeit goods, commit criminal copyright infringement and introduce misbranded food into interstate commerce.

"Criminals who produce and sell counterfeit and misbranded dietary supplements put the public health at risk by utilizing unknown and unregulated ingredients that could put the consumer in danger of serious illness or death," Special Agent in Charge Lisa Malinowski of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said in a statement.

Through their company, Baja Exporting LLC, defendants Joseph Shayota, 63, and his wife, Adriana Shayota, 44, both of El Cajon, agreed with Living Essentials, which owns 5-hour Energy drink trademarks, to distribute the caffeine boost in Mexico, according to the indictment.

Because the liquid dietary supplements were intended to be sold in Mexico, the packaging and labeling–created by Living Essentials--was in Spanish. Their attempt to sell the product in the United States failed because the packaging was in Spanish, the indictment said.

So the Shayotas' replaced the labeling and display boxes with counterfeit labels that appeared to replicate Living Essentials' packaging, according to the indictment.

More than 350,000 bottles of 5-hour Energy drinks were repackaged and sold across the United States for 15 cents below what Living Essentials charged for authentic bottles, the document said.

In December 2011, the Shayotas sold off what was left of their supply.

Then in 2012, the defendants began manufacturing the drinks at an "unsanitary facility using untrained day workers," the U.S. attorney's office said.

Drinks were made up of a mixture of unregulated ingredients. They hired manufacturers in Guadalajara, Mexico, to make plastic bottles and caps printed with Living Essentials' logo.

More than 7 million counterfeit labels and hundreds of thousands of bogus display boxes were ordered from December 2011 to October 2012. Lot and expiration codes on the boxes also were altered, the document said.

Defendant Walid Jamil, who owned Michigan-based Midwest Wholesale Distributors, distributed more than 4 million counterfeit bottles to the U.S. commercial industry, according to the indictment.

He also sold to the Shayotas and defendants Kevin Attiq and Raid Attiq, who owned the Dan-Dee Company, according to the indictment. The Attiqs live in El Cajon.

Defendants Juan Romero, 68, of Upland, and Leslie Roman, 61, of Rancho Cucamonga, owned labeling companies and often used code words like "michelada," "juice blend" and "spices" to refer to the counterfeit liquid contents, according to the U.S. attorney's office.

Mario Ramirez, 55, and Camilo Ramirez, 30, both of San Diego, ran separate companies hired to print, design and package the products, according to the indictment.


The scheme started in 2009, when co-defendants Joseph and Adriana Shayota inked a deal with Living Essentials LLC, the owner of 5-Hour Energy, to distribute the dietary supplement in Mexico. Living Essentials provided the product and Spanish-language packaging.

The Shayotas, who were convicted of the same charges in November, instead relabeled and repackaged more than 350,000 bottles of 5-Hour Energy and sold them in the United States at a price that was lower than what Living Essentials charged for the authentic product.

After the last of the stock was sold in late 2011, the Shayotas began manufacturing a knock-off version of the dietary supplement in a “filthy” San Diego facility, according to court documents. It was placed in bottles that were labeled and packaged as 5-Hour Energy.

Jamil’s role in the scheme involved hiring companies to reproduce authentic 5-Hour Energy packaging. His company, Midwest Wholesale Distributors, then distributed 4 million bottles of the counterfeit product into commercial channels throughout the United States.

The indictment says almost 300,000 bottles were shipped to the Pitco Foods warehouse in San Jose, off Julian Street west of downtown. The product was then sold by Pitco in San Jose, Oakland, Brisbane and West Sacramento.

According to a sentencing memorandum, Jamil did not immediately provide information to Living Essentials that would have helped the company issue a timely recall.

“The defendant’s conduct demonstrated a complete disregard of the intellectual property rights of Living Essentials, and endangered the company’s reputation,” federal prosecutors wrote in the memorandum. “More importantly the defendant jeopardized the health of millions of consumers who purchased the counterfeit product.”

The counterfeit product was removed from store shelves and destroyed years ago, according to Living Essentials.

Geoffrey Potter, lead counsel for 5-Hour Energy, said in a statement that he was pleased with the sentence, which also calls for Jamil to serve three years of supervised release.

“I am gratified not only as 5-Hour Energy’s lawyer, but also as a consumer and as a parent,” Potter said. “All counterfeiting is theft, but counterfeiting something that we eat is an especially horrific crime. I want those in the future that might consider foisting these types of counterfeits on Americans to know that the penalty will be very harsh.”


5-Hour Energy Awarded $20 Million in Counterfeiting Case

NEW YORK -- A New York federal judge has awarded the makers of 5-hour Energy drink a $20 million judgment in their lawsuit against companies they have accused of engaging in a scheme to manufacture and sell millions of counterfeit bottles of their energy supplement.

U.S. District Judge Kiyo A. Matsumoto granted in part 5-hour Energy owner Innovation Ventures LLC’s motion for summary judgment on its claims that the companies, a mix of distributors and manufacturers, took part in the counterfeiting scam and violated copyright law, reported Law360, citing the court’s 94-page opinion. The judge hit three companies—Advanced Nutraceutical Manufacturing LLC, Nutrition Private Label Inc. and Midwest Wholesale Distributors Inc.—with a total of $20 million in statutory damages for infringing on Innovation Ventures’ trademark.

“After four long years, we are extremely satisfied that Living Essentials was granted damages of more than $20 million against those who counterfeited our product, 5-hour Energy,” Melissa Skabich, communications director for Living Essentials Marketing LLC, said in a statement provided to CSP Daily News.

Agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Food & Drug Administration (FDA) arrested 10 people in June 2015, charged with conspiracy to traffic in counterfeit goods, to commit criminal copyright infringement and to introduce misbranded food into interstate commerce stemming from the illegal distribution and counterfeit of the liquid dietary supplement 5-hour Energy.

According to the indictment, all 11 defendants were involved in the illegal repackaging and eventual counterfeiting of 5-hour Energy.

Baja Exporting LLC, agreed with Living Essentials to distribute 5-hour Energy in Mexico. Living Essentials manufactured the liquid 5-hour Energy product and provided Spanish-language labeling and display boxes to Baja Exporting. Living Essentials also provided Baja a complete product package under the agreement that the 5-hour Energy with Spanish-language labeling was only to be distributed by Baja in Mexico.

But the defendants attempted instead to divert the product and to sell it in the United States at a higher price said the indictment.

After initial efforts to sell the product failed because of the Spanish-language labeling and display boxes, the defendants replaced the labeling and display boxes with counterfeit labels and boxes designed to imitate Living Essentials’ U.S. packaging. The defendants repackaged more than 350,000 bottles of 5-hour Energy and sold them in the United States at a price that was 15% lower than what Living Essentials charged for authentic 5-hour Energy.

By early 2012, the defendants had moved into counterfeiting the entire 5-hour Energy product, the indictment said.

From December 2011 through October 2012, the defendants allegedly ordered more than seven million counterfeit label sleeves and hundreds of thousands of counterfeit display boxes and placed false lot and expiration codes on the bottles and boxes. The defendants often changed the lot and expiration codes on the counterfeit bottles and boxes to parallel the valid codes being used on the authentic product.

The indictment further alleges that the defendants travelled to Guadalajara, Mexico, and hired manufacturers for the blank plastic bottles and caps imprinted with the Living Essentials-trademarked “Running Man” logo. They also purchased equipment to shrink-wrap the counterfeit 5-hour Energy labels on the counterfeit bottles and to place false lot numbers and expiration dates on the bottoms of the counterfeit bottles.

In addition, the indictment alleges that from May 2012 to October 2012, Midwest Wholesale Distributors distributed more than four million bottles of counterfeit 5-hour Energy into commercial channels throughout the United States.

Farmington Hills, Mich.-based Living Essentials introduced 5-hour Energy, the original liquid energy shot, in 2004. It has zero sugar, zero herbal stimulants and four calories.

The case is Innovation Ventures LLC et al. v. Ultimate One Distributing Corp. et al., case number 1:12-cv- 05354, in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York.


Couple charged with funding large crime ring to produce counterfeit 5-hour ENERGY found guilty

𔄝-hour Energy” by Mike Mozart. Licensed under CC BY 2.0.

On Monday, November 29th, a federal jury in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California (N.D. Cal.) found Joseph and Adriana Shayota guilty of manufacturing and selling millions of counterfeit bottles 5-hour ENERGY. They were kingpins in a criminal ring of 11 people charged with the counterfeiting. Eight of the conspirators have already plead guilty and one is a fugitive. Their clandestine factory was located in San Diego, and employed more than 50 workers working two shifts per day. They manufactured about 4.3 million counterfeits, all of which were either consumed or seized by 2012.

According to court documents, the case goes back to 2009, when California resident Joseph Shayota approached Living Essentials, the company which manufactures the famous 5-hour ENERGY supplement, to purchase 5-hour ENERGY bottles with Spanish-language packaging for resale in Mexico. Because the 5-hour ENERGY bottles were not for sale in the U.S., Living Essentials sold the product to Shayota at a 40 percent discount. Immediately, Shayota tried to divert the product into the U.S. marketplace but failed because retailers did not want to buy the Spanish-language packaging version of the product.

To get around this problem, Shayota concocted a scheme to repackage the 5-hour ENERGY bottles with counterfeit English-language packaging. Authentic labels were removed from the drink bottles and counterfeit labels were shrink-wrapped in their place to achieve the authentic look of domestic 5-hour ENERGY packaging. Lot codes and expiration dates were also removed from the bottles using solvent and false lot codes and expiration dates were applied to the bottles with the use of an industrial printer. The bottles were finally packaged in counterfeit display boxes for sale to retailers. 350,000 bottles of 5-hour ENERGY were repackaged in this way and then sold in the U.S. market at a 15 percent discount from what Living Essentials charged for the authentic product. Shayota and other members of the conspiracy sold off the remainder of its original stock of repackaged 5-hour ENERGY bottles by December 2011.

Having a working business model in place and seeing no reason to stop, the defendants turned to counterfeiting the actual 5-hour ENERGY product and not just its packaging. More than seven million counterfeit label sleeves and hundreds of thousands of counterfeit display boxes were purchased by the defendants from printing companies between December 2011 and October 2012. The plastic bottles and caps for the counterfeit products were sourced from Guadalajara, Mexico. Distribution of the counterfeit product ramped up between March 2012 and October 2012, during which time more than four million bottles of counterfeit 5-hour ENERGY product entered the U.S. market through a wholesale company owned by one of the defendants. The co-conspirators in their emails to each other referred to the counterfeit energy supplement they were manufacturing using the code word “michelada”, which is the name for a beer, hot sauce and lime cocktail indigenous to Mexico.

By the time that the counterfeit operation was in full bloom, 11 individuals were involved in the crime ring. Joseph Shayota and his wife Adriana, funded the scheme, including paying for the sophisticated manufacturing equipment and counterfeit packaging. Justin Shayota, a resident of Michigan, managed the factory where the counterfeits were manufactured. Michigan resident Walid Jamil, aided by his brother Raid, organized and supervised the entire counterfeiting operation. Another set of brothers, Kevin and Fatti Atiq, both of California, co-owned the Dee-Dee Company which distributed the counterfeit 5-hour ENERGY to wholesalers nationwide. Juan Romero, another California resident, managed the production of the actual counterfeit drink to be shipped to Justin Shayota. Mario Ramirez, a California resident, was hired by Walid Jamil to design and manufacture the counterfeit cardboard display boxes, and Mario was aided in this production by his son Camilo.

Geoff Potter, Partner at Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler

According to Geoffrey Potter , a partner at Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler , Living Essentials only became aware of the infringing products when a broker reported to the company that one of his very good customers stopped purchasing from him yet still was selling the product. The broker obtained a sample and discovered to his shock that it was counterfeit. “To me and you, it looks perfect” Potter said. Tiny details on the packaging were wrong, such as a missing mold marking which is found on the top of authentic 5-hour ENERGY bottles. The drink itself smelled wrong and was dyed to match the flavor for example, red berry flavor was dyed red and orange flavor was dyed orange. But authentic 5-hour ENERGY is not dyed at all. “The coloring made the counterfeit obvious, because the factory that makes authentic 5-hour ENERGY does not use any artificial coloring” Potter said.

As soon as the company discovered its product was counterfeited, it hired Potter who assembled a team of 85 investigators to visit stores nationwide to search for counterfeit 5-hour ENERGY. When counterfeit products were found, Potter and his associates filed civil actions and obtained ex parte seizure orders from courts which empowered him to freeze the counterfeiters’ assets, seize the counterfeits, as well as the counterfeiters’ computers and documents. The orders also allowed Potter to take immediate depositions. The depositions, computer data and documents allowed Potter to discover the other participants and then to obtain seizure orders against those farther up the distribution chain. Using this method, it took about four weeks for counsel to go up the distribution chain and find and stop all of the 5-hour ENERGY counterfeiters, a group which someone close to the operation once described as “ Sopranos wannabies.” Potter seized more than 2.6 million counterfeit bottles from the factory, warehouses and store shelves.

Following the civil action, the U.S. federal government brought criminal charges against the counterfeiters which resulted in the eight guilty pleas and Monday’s two convictions. Potter said that “this is, as far as we know, the first time that the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has ever brought to trial people for counterfeiting a food product in the U.S.”

Potter said that criminal convictions of counterfeiters are very important because they “profoundly change the counterfeiter’s risk versus reward calculations.” He explained that counterfeiters are merely corrupt business men and women and in his opinion “civil judgments to them are merely a business expense.” However, according to Potter “spending years in prison is real deterrence.”

Tough sentencing could very likely be expected in this criminal case, which could have had the makings of a public health crisis according to statements made by DOJ officials. Toe die DOJ in Junie verlede jaar strafregtelike aanklagte in die saak aankondig, het Lisa Malinowski, spesiale agent, gesê: Kriminele wat namaaksels en voedingsaanvullings vervaardig en verkoop, stel die volksgesondheid in gevaar deur onbekende en ongereguleerde bestanddele te gebruik die verbruiker wat gevaar loop vir ernstige siektes of die dood. Vinnige optrede deur die onderneming en die federale owerhede het verseker dat alle oorblywende vervalsings jare gelede uit die winkels verwyder is, en vandag is daar slegs outentieke bottels 5-uur-ENERGIE in die winkel en kan verbruikers die produk koop met die volle versekering dat hulle 'n kluis koop outentieke produk, ” Potter gesê.


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Kommentaar:

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